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What Amnesty Wants In An Effective Arms Trade Treaty: 6 key points

    What Amnesty Wants In An Effective Arms Trade Treaty: 6 key points

    Amnesty International urges all government to call for an effective ATT with the highest possible standards, including:

    An “ATT golden rule”:  To be effective, the ATT should include language that requires states not to transfer arms internationally where there is a substantial risk that they will be used to commit or facilitate serious violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law. Where this is the case, the transfer authorization should be denied until there is clear evidence that any risks have been mitigated.

    A comprehensive definition of scope of equipment: to include the control of all weapons, munitions, armaments and related articles used for potentially lethal force in military and internal security operations, as well as any parts, components and accessories thereof, and machines, technologies and technical expertise for making, developing and maintaining those articles.

    Include all types of international trade, transfers and transactions in conventional arms: this includes exports, imports, re-exports, transits, transhipments, temporary imports, state-to-state transfers, gifts, sales, loans, leases and the essential services to complete the transaction (brokering, transport, financing).

    Robust regulation of licensing systems: this includes, for example, mechanisms for (a) prior risk assessment and authorization procedures; (b) the use of end use assurances where necessary; (c) brokering controls; and (d) national criminal sanctions for activities not authorised in accordance with the terms of the Treaty;

    Records: The ATT should require that all States keep records of the international arms transfers that the national authorities have authorised and that have been cleared by customs. Records should be kept for 20 years.

    Transparency measures: this includes (a) annual public national reports by States covering all generic types of conventional arms and forms of international transfer defined under the ATT; (b) reports on national implementation of obligations under the ATT.

    Photo: Amnesty International Canada