Five reasons why Canada should put an end to carding
Carding is when police officers stop, question, and document individuals without any evidence that they have been involved in, or have knowledge of, an offence. Bias and stereotyping play into the officers’ decisions of who to stop and why, which affects many racialized groups, but especially Black people.
Here are 5 reasons why carding should be banned:
1. It's racist
Carding is a form of systemic police racism that disproportionately impacts Black people in Canada. Carding can often be the first point of contact that can lead to further mistreatment, violence, and racism within other segments of the justice system as well as negative mental and physiological health outcomes.
2. It violates human rights
Racism in policing, including carding, violates many rights outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, such as:
Article 3 on life, liberty and security of person;
Article 7 on equal protection without discrimination before the law;
Article 9 on arbitrary detention, arrest, or exile;
Article 13 on freedom of movement;
and the list goes on.
3. It doesn’t prevent crime
Carding does not lower crime rates and according to Justice Michael Tulloch, “there is little to no evidence that a random, unfocused collection of identifying information has benefits that outweigh the social cost of the practice.” Negative impacts on racialized groups, and particularly on Black individuals, far outweigh any supposed benefits that police claim result from carding.
4. Existing measures to ban carding haven’t worked
In 2017, some restrictions were introduced to carding in Ontario, but to no avail. Without adequate monitoring and accountability measures, and with loopholes in the regulation’s language, carding is still a regular practice in Ontario. In order to achieve a complete ban on carding, we need strong legislation, monitoring, and enforcement to hold perpetrators to account.
5. We have momentum
Activists and anti-racism organizations have been leading the way on speaking up against this form of racial profiling. Prominent human rights organizations and UN experts have raised the alarm on anti-Black racism in policing, and we should ensure their recommendations are turned into action. A permanent and effective ban on carding is one step towards curbing systemic racism in policing.
To get involved in speaking up against carding and other forms of anti-Black racism in policing, you can ask your local political candidates what they are prepared to do to address anti-Black racism in your own community.
Join us in making anti-Black racism an election issue
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Register now to join us in making anti-Black racism an election issue this October.